19860621 Caitanya Caritamrita Antya Lila.3.166-214 I Shall Cut Off Your nose Atlanta
The following is a lecture given by His Holiness Jaya Pataka Swami on June 21st 1986 at New Panihati Dham in Atlanta, Georgia. The class begins with a reading from the Caitanya Caritamrita Antya lila Chapter 3, Text 166 - 214. His Holiness Jaya Pataka Swami: Tomorrow we are observing the Dandamahotsav for the punishment festival of Raghunath Das Goswami. Das Raghunath was the son of Hiranya, but he was born in a family of Govardhan Mazhumdar who were the landlords or tax collectors for the emperor Hussain Shah. They were very supportive of the Vaishnav movement of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. So, in Chapter 3 of the Antya lila, it explains how more about Hiranya and Govardhan Mazhumdar and how Das Raghunath had received the mercy of Haridas Thakur in his younger days. Haridas Thakur after the episode of Ramachandra Khan where he was tried to be destroyed by the Ramachandra Khan's doing, but instead Ramachandra Khan even offended Lord Nityananda and himself was destroyed. Then Haridas Thakur went to the village known as Chandapura stayed in the house of Balarama Acharya. It is discussed from text 166 Chapter 3 of the Antya lila. hiraṇya, govardhana — dui mulukera majumadāra tāra purohita — ‘balarāma’ nāma tāṅra (CC Anyta 3.166) Hiraṇya and Govardhana were the two governmental treasurers in that division of the country. Their priest was named Balarāma Ācārya. Purport The word Majumadara refers to a treasurer who keeps accounts of revenue.
haridāsera kṛpā-pātra, tāte bhakti-māne yatna kari’ ṭhākurere rākhilā sei grāme (CC Antya 3.167) Balarāma Ācārya, being favored by Haridāsa Ṭhākura, was very much attached to him. Therefore he kept Haridāsa Ṭhākura in the village with great care and attention.
nirjana parṇa-śālāya karena kīrtana balarāma-ācārya-gṛhe bhikṣā-nirvāhaṇa (CC Antya 3.168) In the village, Haridāsa Ṭhākura was given a solitary thatched cottage, where he performed the chanting of the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra. He accepted prasādam at the house of Balarāma Ācārya.
raghunātha-dāsa bālaka karena adhyayana haridāsa-ṭhākurere yāi’ karena darśana (CC Antya 3.169) Raghunātha dāsa, who was the son of Hiranya Majumadāra and was later to become Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī, was at that time a boy engaged in study. He came to see Haridāsa Ṭhākura daily.
haridāsa kṛpā kare tāṅhāra upare sei kṛpā ‘kāraṇa’ haila caitanya pāibāre (CC Antya 3.170) Naturally Haridāsa Ṭhākura was merciful toward him, and because of the merciful benediction of this Vaiṣṇava, he later attained the shelter of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s lotus feet.
Remember how Srila Prabhupada's father used to always invite vaishnavas to come to his house and then request them - Please bless my children that they will get the mercy of Srimati Radharani. Here, by the benediction of Haridas Thakur, Das Raghunath was able to achieve the shelter of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's lotus feet.
tāhāṅ yaiche haila haridāsera mahimā kathana vyākhyāna, — adbhuta kathā śuna, bhakta-gaṇa(CC Antya 3.171) At the residence of Hiraṇya and Govardhana, discourses took place by which Haridāsa Ṭhākura was glorified. O devotees, please listen to that wonderful story.
eka-dina balarāma minati kariyā majumadārera sabhāya āilā ṭhākure lañā (CC Antya 3.172) One day Balarāma Ācārya requested Haridāsa Ṭhākura with great humility to come to the assembly of the Majumadāras, Hiraṇya and Govardhana. Thus Balarāma Ācārya went there with Haridāsa Ṭhākura.
ṭhākura dekhi’ dui bhāi kailā abhyutthāna pāya paḍi’ āsana dilā kariyā sammāna (CC Antya 3.173) Seeing Haridāsa Ṭhākura, the two brothers immediately stood up and fell at his lotus feet. Then with great respect they offered him a place to sit.
aneka paṇḍita sabhāya, brāhmaṇa, sajjana dui bhāi mahā-paṇḍita — hiraṇya, govardhana (CC Antya 3.174) In that assembly were many learned scholars, brāhmaṇas and respectable gentlemen. The two brothers Hiraṇya and Govardhana were also greatly learned.
haridāsera guṇa sabe kahe pañca-mukhe śuniyā ta’ dui bhāi pāilā baḍa sukhe (CC Antya 3.175) Everyone there began to speak of Haridāsa Ṭhākura’s great qualities as if they had five mouths. Hearing this, both brothers were extremely happy.
tina-lakṣa nāma ṭhākura karena kīrtana nāmera mahimā uṭhāila paṇḍita-gaṇa (CC Antya 3.176) It was mentioned in the assembly that Haridāsa Ṭhākura chanted the holy names of Kṛṣṇa 300,000 times a day. Thus all the learned scholars began to discuss the glories of the holy name.
keha bale, — ‘nāma haite haya pāpa-kṣaya’ keha bale, — ‘nāma haite jīvera mokṣa haya’ (CC Antya 3.177) Some of them said, “By chanting the holy name of the Lord, one is freed from the reactions of all sinful life.” Others said, “Simply by chanting the holy name of the Lord, a living being is liberated from material bondage.”
haridāsa kahena, — “nāmera ei dui phala naya nāmera phale kṛṣṇa-pade prema upajaya (CC Antya 3.178) Haridāsa Ṭhākura protested, “These two benedictions are not the true result of chanting the holy name. Actually, by chanting the holy name without offenses, one awakens his ecstatic love for the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa.
evaṁ-vrataḥ sva-priya-nāma-kīrtyā jātānurāgo druta-citta uccaiḥ hasaty atho roditi rauti gāyaty unmāda-van nṛtyati loka-bāhyaḥ (CC Antya 3.179) “ ‘When a person is actually advanced and takes pleasure in chanting the holy name of the Lord, who is very dear to him, he is agitated and loudly chants the holy name. He also laughs, cries, becomes agitated and chants just like a madman, not caring for outsiders.’ Purport: For an explanation of this verse (Bhāg. 11.2.40) one may consult chapter seven, text 94, of the Ādi-līlā.
ānuṣaṅgika phala nāmera — ‘mukti’, ‘pāpa-nāśa’ tāhāra dṛṣṭānta yaiche sūryera prakāśa (CC Antya 3.180) Haridas Thakur continues “Liberation and extinction of the reactions of sinful life are two concomitant by-products of chanting the holy name of the Lord. An example is found in the gleams of morning sunlight.
aṁhaḥ saṁharad akhilaṁ sakṛd udayād eva sakala-lokasya taraṇir iva timira-jaladhiṁ jayati jagan-maṅgalaṁ harer nāma (CC Antya 3.181) “ ‘As the rising sun immediately dissipates all the world’s darkness, which is deep like an ocean, so the holy name of the Lord, if chanted once without offenses, dissipates all the reactions of a living being’s sinful life. All glories to that holy name of the Lord, which is auspicious for the entire world.’ ”
ei ślokera artha kara paṇḍitera gaṇa” sabe kahe, — ‘tumi kaha artha-vivaraṇa’ (CC Antya 3.182) After reciting this verse, Haridāsa Ṭhākura said, “O learned scholars, please explain the meaning of this verse.” But the audience requested Haridāsa Ṭhākura, “It is better for you to explain the meaning of this important verse.”
haridāsa kahena, — “yaiche sūryera udaya udaya nā haite ārambhe tamera haya kṣaya (CC Antya 3.183) Haridāsa Ṭhākura said, “As the sun begins to rise, even before it is visible it dissipates the darkness of night.
caura-preta-rākṣasādira bhaya haya nāśa udaya haile dharma-karma-ādi parakāśa (CC Antya 3.184) “With the first glimpse of sunlight, fear of thieves, ghosts and demons immediately disappears, and when the sun is actually visible, everything is manifest, and everyone begins performing his religious activities and regulative duties.
aiche nāmodayārambhe pāpa-ādira kṣaya udaya kaile kṛṣṇa-pade haya premodaya (CC Antya 3.185) “Similarly, the first hint that offenseless chanting of the Lord’s holy name has awakened dissipates the reactions of sinful life immediately. And when one chants the holy name offenselessly, one awakens to service in ecstatic love at the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa.
‘mukti’ tuccha-phala haya nāmābhāsa haite (CC Antya 3.186) “Liberation is the insignificant result derived from a glimpse of the awakening of offenseless chanting of the holy name.
mriyamāṇo harer nāma gṛṇan putropacāritam ajāmilo ’py agād dhāma kim uta śraddhayā gṛṇan (CC Antya 3.187) “ ‘While dying, Ajāmila chanted the holy name of the Lord, intending to call his son Nārāyaṇa. Nevertheless, he attained the spiritual world. What then to speak of those who chant the holy name with faith and reverence?’ This is a verse from Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (6.2.49).
So last night we were reading the Sri Krishna Namamrita, Nama-ashtakam by Srila Rupa Goswami where he explains that by accidentanlly chanting, unknowingly chanting, neglectfully chanting the holy name, unlimited quantities of sinful life are destroyed. And by the imperfect chanting or Namabhas chanting of the holy name one can achieve liberation. But the real goal is that by pure chanting or offenseless chanting one gets the spontaneous attraction to chant the holy names of the Lord. You can see that how Das Raghunath's parents they were actually like, they were Lords. In the feudal system of India, there were emperors and kings. And emperor was over many kings. Each king had to pay about a third of his taxes to an emperor and so many thousands of soldiers every year. So this way the emperor had so many kings under him. He would get so many taxes from them and so many soldiers. When they would fight against another kingdom, if the other king surrendered, then they would leave him as a king, but he would have to pay tax and give soldiers and be under the emperor. And if the king didn't surrender but fought, then he would be killed and wiped out and then the emperor would just take it in himself or he may put someone else who he wants to in charge, that's up to him. So, in this way beneath the kings there were landlords or taxcollectors. And they were like, in Europe I think they had Dukes and Counts and Earls and things like that, so they were like that. They had their own little court, they would have their own armies, small armies, but they were mainly under the protection of the king. The king had the big armies, but they had little armies. They were the disciplinary arm also of the government. So, they were in charge of collecting taxes, they were the local police, they were everything. So, that's why their court is something like kind of a king's court in a sense, only in a much, a little smaller scale. They could be removed by a king very easy. They were just appointed just like the way kings and queens even today in England they make knights and dukes and Lords and things like that. So, this is a very highly respectable family, but we can see that there were sitting and they were discussing Krishna Consciousness, they were discussing various spiritual topics, so they were very fortunate. Even the very good pandits and brahmins, they didn't know the glories of they holy name, actually Haridas Thakur is telling them the real glories of the holy name. Haridas Thakur continues
ye mukti bhakta nā laya, se kṛṣṇa cāhe dite” (CC Antya 3.188) “Liberation, which is unacceptable for a pure devotee, is always offered by Kṛṣṇa without difficulty.
sālokya-sārṣṭi-sārūpya- sāmīpyaikatvam apy uta dīyamānaṁ na gṛhṇanti vinā mat-sevanaṁ janāḥ (CC Antya 3.189) “ ‘My devotees do not accept sālokya, sārṣṭi, sārūpya, sāmīpya or oneness with Me — even if I offer these liberations — in preference to serving Me.’ ” In other words even if Krishna offers 4, 5 types of liberation they will never accept these in preference of serving Krishna. Purport: This verse is spoken by Lord Kapila, an avatāra of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (3.29.13).
In this way Haridas Thakur is gloryfying the holy name, but not everybody took it the same way.
‘gopāla cakravartī’ nāma eka-jana majumadārera ghare sei ārindā pradhāna (CC Antya 3.190) At the house of Hiraṇya and Govardhana Majumadāra, a person named Gopāla Cakravartī was officially the chief tax collector.
gauḍe rahi’ pātsāhā-āge ārindā-giri kare bāra-lakṣa mudrā sei pātsāra ṭhāñi bhare(CC Antya 3.191) This Gopāla Cakravartī lived in Bengal. His duty as chief tax collector was to collect 1,200,000 coins to deposit in the treasury of the emperor.
parama-sundara, paṇḍita, nūtana-yauvana nāmābhāse ‘mukti’ śuni’ nā ha-ila sahana (CC Antya 3.192) He had handsome bodily features, and he was learned and youthful, but he could not tolerate the statement that simply by glimpsing the awakening of the Lord’s holy name one can attain liberation. Purport: Vaiṣṇavas strictly follow the directions of the śāstras regarding how one can be liberated simply by a slight awakening of pure chanting of the holy name. Māyāvādīs cannot tolerate the statements of the śāstras about how easily liberation can be achieved, for, as stated in the Bhagavad-gītā (12.5), kleśo ’dhikaratas teṣām avyaktāsakta-cetasām: impersonalists must work hard for many, many births, and only then will they perhaps be liberated. Vaiṣṇavas know that simply by chanting the holy name of the Lord offenselessly, one achieves liberation as a by-product. Thus there is no need to endeavor separately for liberation. Śrīla Bilvamaṅgala Ṭhākura has said, muktiḥ svayaṁ mukulitāñjali sevate ’smān: liberation stands at one’s door, ready to render any kind of service, if one is a pure devotee with unflinching faith and reverence. This the Māyāvādīs cannot tolerate. Therefore the ārindā pradhāna, chief tax collector, although very learned, handsome and youthful, could not tolerate the statements of Haridāsa Ṭhākura.
kruddha hañā bale sei saroṣa vacana “bhāvukera siddhānta śuna, paṇḍitera gaṇa (CC Antya 3.193) This young man, Gopāla Cakravartī, became very angry upon hearing the statements of Haridāsa Ṭhākura. He immediately criticized him. “O assembly of learned scholars,” he said, “just hear the conclusion of the emotional devotee.
koṭi-janme brahma-jñāne yei ‘mukti’ naya ei kahe, — nāmābhāse sei ‘mukti’ haya” (CC Antya 3.194) “After many millions upon millions of births, when one is complete in absolute knowledge, one still may not attain liberation, yet this man says that one may attain it simply by the awakening of a glimpse of the holy name.”
haridāsa kahena, — kene karaha saṁśaya? śāstre kahe, — nāmābhāsa-mātre ‘mukti’ haya (CC Antya 3.195) Haridāsa Ṭhākura said, “Why are you doubtful? The revealed scriptures say that one can attain liberation simply by a glimpse of offenseless chanting of the holy name.
bhakti-sukha-āge ‘mukti’ ati-tuccha haya ataeva bhakta-gaṇa ‘mukti’ nāhi laya (CC Antya 3.196) “For a devotee who enjoys the transcendental bliss of devotional service, liberation is most insignificant. Therefore pure devotees never desire to achieve liberation.
tvat-sākṣāt-karaṇāhlāda- viśuddhābdhi-sthitasya me sukhāni goṣ-padāyante brāhmāṇy api jagad-guro (CC Antya 3.197) “ ‘My dear Lord, O master of the universe, since I have directly seen You, my transcendental bliss has taken the shape of a great ocean. Being situated in that ocean, I now realize all other so-called happiness, including even brahmānanda, (the happiness of the bliss of liberation in the impersonal brahman) to be like the water contained in the hoofprint of a calf.’ ” Purport: This verse is quoted from the Hari-bhakti-sudhodaya (14.36).
So inspite of Haridas Thakur's very patient presentation, his quoting vedic scriptures, his giving all kinds of evidence, Gopal Chakravarthi was so proud. He's bewildered by the mayavadi philosophy, that he became offensive. Lord Caitanya said that one should therfore avoid the impersonalist because they are offenders of Lord Krishna - 'Mayavadi Hoya Krishna Aparadi'. Mayavadi Hoya Krishna Aparadi. Therefore he also said that 'Mayavadi Kotha sunele Hoya sarva naash'. We hear the words of the impersonalist, then this can destroy our devotional service. So we should avoid them. Unfortunately, this vipra he got every opportunity but he did not listen. This impersonalist young man he could not tolerate to hear the glories of Krishna or the holy name.
vipra kahe, — “nāmābhāse yadi ‘mukti’ naya tabe tomāra nāka kāṭi’ karaha niścaya” (CC Antya 3.198) Gopāla Cakravartī said, “If one is not liberated by nāmābhāsa, then you may be certain that I shall cut off your nose.”
haridāsa kahena, — “yadi nāmābhāse ‘mukti’ naya tabe āmāra nāka kāṭimu, — ei suniścaya” (CC Antya 3.199) Then Haridāsa Ṭhākura accepted the challenge offered by Gopāla Cakravartī. “If by nāmābhāsa liberation is not available,” he said, “certainly I shall cut off my nose.”
śuni’ sabhā-sad uṭhe kari’ hāhākāra majumadāra sei vipre karila dhikkāra (CC Antya 3.200) All the members of the assembly who had heard the challenge were greatly agitated, and they got up, making a tumultuous sound. Hiraṇya and Govardhana Majumadāra both immediately chastised the brāhmaṇa tax collector.
balāi-purohita tāre karilā bhartsana “ghaṭa-paṭiyā mūrkha tuñi bhakti kāṅhā jāna? ( CC Antya 3.201) The priest named Balarāma Ācārya also chastised Gopāla Cakravartī. “You are a foolish logician,” he said. “What do you know about the devotional service of the Lord? Purport by Srila Prabhupada The philosophy enunciated by the Māyāvādīs is called ghaṭa-paṭiyā (“pot-and-earth”) philosophy. According to this philosophy, everything is one. Such philosophers see no distinction between a pot made of earth and the earth itself, reasoning that anything made of earth, such as different pots, is also the same earth. Since Gopāla Cakravartī was a ghaṭa-paṭiyā logician, a gross materialist, what could he understand about the transcendental devotional service of the Lord?
Lord Caitanya, He did this same pastime when he I mean when he was a small child, he was sitting on a pile of used pots, then He was preaching this mayavadi philosophy. He said.. He was eating the dirt - Mother said what are you doing? - He said eating dirt. - Why are you doing that?- He said well, its all one, its all earth, whether they eat it as dirt or whether it goes into a plant and wheat and you grind it up and then you cook it as a nice piece of cookie or cake. Its all earth so what is the difference? Then mother Saci preached No, Earth, you can't put water in it, but if you fire the earth and have a clay pot, you could put water, If you have fire, if you have a brick, you can build a... its not the same. There's transformation, so you shouldn't eat, dirt isn't for eating but sweet cakes, earth in the form of sweet cakes is for eating. Lord Caitanya - Oh! now I understand, I was getting confused. (Devotees laughing) This was when he was one and half, two years old. (Devotees laughing) But this Gopal Chakravarthi, he never, he never got over that. (Devotees laughing). Its all one! You see there is no difference! So, therefore how could he understand devotional service, you see. Then Balaramacharya continues
haridāsa-ṭhākure tuñi kaili apamāna! sarva-nāśa habe tora, nā habe kalyāṇa” (CC Antya 3.202) “You have insulted Haridāsa Ṭhākura. Thus there will be a dangerous position for you. You should not expect anything auspicious.”
śuni’ haridāsa tabe uṭhiyā calilā majumadāra sei vipre tyāga karilā (CC Antya 3.203) Then Haridāsa Ṭhākura got up to leave, and the Majumadāras, the masters of Gopāla Cakravartī, immediately kicked him out and dismissed him from their service. You are fired, Get out! you have offended Haridas Thakur. Finished!
sabhā-sahite haridāsera paḍilā caraṇe haridāsa hāsi’ kahe madhura-vacane (CC Antya 3.204) With all the members of the assembly, the two Majumadāras fell at the lotus feet of Haridāsa Ṭhākura. Haridāsa Ṭhākura was smiling, however, and he spoke up in a sweet voice.
“tomā-sabāra doṣa nāhi, ei ajña brāhmaṇa tāra doṣa nāhi, tāra tarka-niṣṭha mana (CC Antya 3.205) “None of you are at fault,” he said. “Indeed, even this ignorant so-called brāhmaṇa is not at fault, for he is accustomed to dry speculation and logic.
tarkera gocara nahe nāmera mahattva kothā haite jānibe se ei saba tattva? (CC Antya 3.206) “One cannot understand the glories of the holy name simply by logic and argument. Therefore this man cannot possibly understand the glories of the holy name.
yāha ghara, kṛṣṇa karuna kuśala sabāra āmāra sambandhe duḥkha nā ha-uka kāhāra” (CC Antya 3.207) “All of you may now go to your homes. May Lord Kṛṣṇa bestow His blessings upon you all. Do not be sorry because of my being insulted.” So Haridas Thakur told them go home, do not be worried about me. That I was insulted, it doesn't matter, it is not at all important. In this regard Prabhupada says in the purport: From this statement by Haridāsa Ṭhākura, it is understood that a pure Vaiṣṇava never takes anyone’s insults seriously. This is the teaching of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu:
tṛṇād api su-nīcena taror iva sahiṣṇunā amāninā māna-dena kīrtanīyaḥ sadā hariḥ
“One should chant the holy name of the Lord in a humble state of mind, thinking oneself lower than the straw in the street. One should be more tolerant than a tree, devoid of all sense of false prestige and ready to offer all respects to others. In such a state of mind one can chant the holy name of the Lord constantly.” A Vaiṣṇava is always tolerant and submissive like trees and grass. He tolerates insults offered by others, for he is simply interested in chanting the holy name of the Lord without being disturbed.
This is very important for devotees to see that how even Haridas Thakur was criticized and told I was going to cut your nose off, but instead his reaction was doesn't matter, don't be sorry about this. This is the attitude of a vaishnava that they take the humble attitude. If something happens they take it that its their own, its Krishna's mercy upon them getting rid of some karmas. And they continue chanting and rendering devotional service, they don't stop. Therefore because of their exalted nature, because they don't take any action they themselves take it as Krishna's mercy, but the people who do the offense to the vaishnava they are the ones who are in trouble. Because then Krishna, He doesn't forgive them. But the real vaishnava, they don't take offense from insults. They are just determined to go on chanting Hare Krishna at any cost. This should be our attitude no matter what happens. We simply should be determined to go on chanting the holy name without any cessation. Text 208 tabe se hiraṇya-dāsa nija ghare āila sei brāhmaṇe nija dvāra-mānā kaila (CC Antya 3.208) Then Hiraṇya dāsa Majumadāra returned to his home and ordered that Gopāla Cakravartī not be admitted therein.
tina dina bhitare sei viprera ‘kuṣṭha’ haila ati ucca nāsā tāra galiyā paḍila (CC Antya 3.209) Within three days that brāhmaṇa was attacked by leprosy, and as a result his highly raised nose melted away and fell off. Saavdhaan! Be Careful is the purport.
campaka-kali-sama hasta-padāṅguli koṅkaḍa ha-ila saba, kuṣṭhe gela gali’ (CC Antya 3.210) The way they use the "L's" in this verse is very poetic, but I am not an expert to say it. "Gela gali", Gela means gone and gali means melted, so 'gela gali'. The brāhmaṇa’s toes and fingers were beautiful like golden-colored campaka buds, but because of leprosy they all withered and gradually melted away.
dekhiyā sakala loka haila camatkāra haridāse praśaṁsi’ tāṅre kare namaskāra (CC Antya 3.211) Seeing the condition of Gopāla Cakravartī, everyone was astonished. Everyone praised the influence of Haridāsa Ṭhākura and offered him obeisances.
yadyapi haridāsa viprera doṣa nā la-ilā tathāpi īśvara tāre phala bhuñjāilā(CC Antya 3.212) Although Haridāsa Ṭhākura, as a Vaiṣṇava, did not take seriously the brāhmaṇa’s offense, the Supreme Personality of Godhead could not tolerate it, and thus he made the brāhmaṇa suffer the consequences.
bhakta-svabhāva, — ajña-doṣa kṣamā kare kṛṣṇa-svabhāva, — bhakta-nindā sahite nā pāre (CC Antya 3.213) A characteristic of a pure devotee is that he excuses any offense by an ignorant rascal. A characteristic of Kṛṣṇa, however, is that He cannot tolerate blasphemy of His devotees.
So Haridas Thakur epitomizes the order of the vaishnava. Just like Prahlad he tolerated the.. being chastised by his father, but Nrsimha, Krishna could not tolerate that, He came in the form of Nrsimha. So although Haridas Thakur tolerated this insult, but Krishna could not tolerate it. So He immediately punished Gopal Cakravarti by giving him leprosy. In this regard Prabhupada says While instructing Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī about the many restrictive rules and regulations for Vaiṣṇavas, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu has very vividly described the effects of offenses at the lotus feet of a Vaiṣṇava. Yadi vaiṣṇava-aparādha uṭhe hātī mātā (Madhya 19.156). Offending or blaspheming a Vaiṣṇava has been described as the greatest offense, and it has been compared to a mad elephant. When a mad elephant enters a garden, it ruins all the creepers, flowers and trees. Similarly, if a devotee properly executing his devotional service becomes an offender at the lotus feet of his spiritual master or another Vaiṣṇava, his devotional service is spoiled.
This is important to know even if the person is properly executing, attending every mangala arati, chanting 16 rounds, attending all the aratis, going out in sankirtan, doing everything perfectly without any fail, but he is an offender to his Guru, a pure vaishnava... spoiled! What to speak of you know the normal struggling devotees trying to conquer their senses and engage in devotional service. So we should be the "tṛṇād api su-nīcena taror iva sahiṣṇunā amāninā māna-dena kīrtanīyaḥ sadā hariḥ We can constantly chant the holy name, we have to be so humble and tolerant to offer respect to others, not to offer insults to others. Devotees in the mode of ignorance and passion, they tend to be offensive to others. So we have to be very careful not to fall into that syndrome, not to. offend. In fact Prabhupada, he warned us that it doesn't mean only offending the spiritual master, he said all of my devotees, they are all pure devotees, they are all purely dedicated. They are dedicated to serving Krishna, they are not asking for any material remuneration. Therefore I consider them all pure devotees. So you shouldn't offend any of them. Don't offend your God brother. That time there was only Prabhupada disciples so then he said don't offend your God brothers, they are also vaishnavas. And he was very worried then because one devotee at that time even in his presence used to criticize or offend another that this would be the cause of their fall down even though they were otherwise good devotees. So he kept always warning. Ofcourse now where you have Prabhupada's grand-disciples then they have to be also more careful not to offend their spiritual uncles and aunties what to speak of offending Prabhupada. They have to also be careful even not to offend their own God brothers and God sisters who are dedicated to spreading the holy name. This is the first offence against the holy name. So we have to avoid that very carefully. Because with the..... Das Raghunath he did a "mojita langana". He did a... not really a.. well it was a... its an offense to jumping over or not giving proper respect. Its the most kind of indirect type of offense. Because of that he was rejected by Caitanya Mahaprabhu when he approached Him, and sent back to his home. Das Raghunath situation was unique. Here his father and uncle were great devotees, they were worshipping, but they were very attached to their son. Sometimes we find that there are devotees who are, specially in Indian community you will find it that they are very interested in Vaishnava philosophy, but they are very attached to their son, son should just stay in the home and manage their family business and things like that, especially the non-brahmanans. They are very attached that their children should just remain with them so, because, its natural kind of situation. But in those kind of.. because here in Krishna consciousness movement many, most of the grhasthas live like brahmanas and live in the present time live in their communities. So they like their children to also become brahmanas and be preachers, but because in the varnasharma system - any kshatriyas, vaishyas these are kind of vaishyas who are acting like as lords, tax collectors, they were attached that their son would take over the position after them. So when they saw that he wanted to join Lord Caitanya and give up everthing and take sannyasa, it was very disturbing to them. They thought that he is too young, he's not ripe yet, he should....later not now. That kind of you know... so they would catch him and bring him back, catch him and bring him back. So finally he got away, he went to Caitanya Mahaprabhu and was able to fall at His feet and say "Please take me with you". And then Lord Caitanya, He also sent him back. He said no, you should worship in your house. Why you are doing all this running away and stopping your normal activity. You should do your regular activites very perfectly but simply be always attached to Krishna. Just like a wife who has got another lover than her husband, is always attached is always thinking of the lover, but she does her household life very perfectly. Her duties and chores very perfectly not to be discovered by the husband, that she is cheating. So like that you do your material activities, but you cheat maya and think always of Krishna and devotional service - that is spiritual. So he was sent back, that's the kind of background to why he was punished because he did not go through the proper parampara system, we will discuss that more later. So ofcourse that is a minor, it is an indirect offense - its mojitalangana, its not...but this was a direct offence where he just criticized Haridas Thakur out of foolishness not even knowing that what Haridas Thakur was saying was perfectly authorized by the scriptures. So in conclusion here
viprera kuṣṭha śuni’ haridāsa mane duḥkhī hailā balāi-purohite kahi’ śāntipura āilā (CC Antya 3.214) Translation: Haridāsa Ṭhākura was unhappy when he heard that the brāhmaṇa Gopāla Cakravartī had been attacked by leprosy. Thus after informing Balarāma Ācārya, the priest of Hiraṇya Majumadāra, he went to Śāntipura, the home of Advaita Ācārya. Then it goes off into another pastimes with Advaita Gosai. So, this little pastime gives us an insight to the family of Das Raghunath. He was born in a family of devotees. They may have been a little bit attached devotees or they may have been devotees engaged in their service as a vaishya. But they were devotees of the Lord. They were... this way our grhasthas - they are also giving an opportunity for souls to enter into the material world into souls to take birth as sons of devotees so that they can engage in the devotional service of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Because Das Raghunath was born of Hiranya Mazumdar, he was able to get, he kept his association of blessings of Haridas Thakur -kept the association. That was the background. This helped him in his spiritual life. So like that the parents of Krishna conscious children, they have the opportunity to give their children this jewel of Krishna consciousness. So, its a very big responsibility they have. So, today we heard about the glories of the holy name. That the holy name gives us pure love for Krishna which is far greater than, makes liberation very insignificant. Chanting the holy name gives us this greatest benediction that how Das Raghunath got the blessings of Haridas Thakur, born in a family of vaishnavas and how with these blessings eventually he became Raghunath Das Goswami, a great renounced sixth goswami. You should understand that practically speaking Das Raghunath was like, he was like a prince, I mean his parents were, they.. the amount of money they just had to pay to the emperor was a million two hundred thousand gold coins. What to speak of what they kept. In those days one gold coin was of inconceivable value. They were ready to kill him for 8 coins. One gold coin you could live the rest of your life. Prabhupada said that when he was a child his father used to buy enough food grain for the whole year with a few rupees. And rupee is nothing, that's not anything compared to what a gold coin is. And that was only a hundred years ago, what to speak of five hundred years ago. People used to pay for things with little conch shells. And thousands of conch shells was equal to a paisa, to an anna. And the anna then was somewhat equal to a rupee. And a gold coin was.....(devotees laughing). And he paid taxes, he would collect taxes 1.2 million gold coins and then you know on top of that he would keep himself maybe equal amount or something. Don't know exactly what is the lord what percent. I know the king they keep two thirds, as a lord they were also cheating a little bit. (Devotees laughing) They were keeping a lot. According to later on, that's another pastime for Krishna's service ofcourse. So, they got caught. The point was that he was born in a very opulent surrounding, I mean he had every conceivable, in those days he was completely opulence surrounding. One of the most opulent families maybe in the top ten in the entire empire, you know the top, the who's who the fortune 500 whatever. And.. but he became so renounced, when he was the sixth goswami, one of the six goswamis, he was known...his specific quality was that he was the most renounced. He was so renounced that he was taking the rice that was coming from the.. they were throwing out after after rotting they couldn't sell it in Jagannath Puri they throw it out. Then he would take that rice and eat that. Then he saw that the animals were eating that rice also. Then he didn't eat it. He waited till animals ate whatever they would eat and those pieces of rice that were rotten that the animals wouldn't eat because it had a bad smell, he would break that open and eat the little bit in the centre that was still not decomposed. He was so austere, then he saw that even some animals were eating that too, so he started eating rice that would go on the drain, from the washing of the temple. One day Lord Caitanya came up to Das Raghunath and said what are you eating. He said, nothing! Prasad! No No! give me some of that prasad, I want also to take that... No no no no this is not fit for you. And Lord Caitanya, No No common give me that prasadam. Das Raghunath started running No.. this is not for you. Then Lord Caitanya grabbed him and forcibly took the prasad from his hands and took a piece. Ah.... nectar! Its the best prasad I ever had! So, that I mean to see alright he was first not only the most austere, but practically speaking he was one of the most well to do - he went from the extreme opulence to extreme renunciation. So, ofcourse this festival that we are holding tomorrow is when Das Raghunath is a young man and he is managing the affairs for his father and uncle on their behalf when he's already married and engaged in that particular time period. So, we'll discuss those things later. You should be very careful to learn from Das Raghunath how he was very respectable to Lord Nityananda by chanting Hare Krishna, by offending a vaishnava we have to appeal to the vaishnava to forgive us. If we want we touch his feet, we can get forgiven in that way. Like that we should also, last night we read that if we offend the holy name, we should pray to the holy name to please forgive us for offending the holy name. Its by the mercy of Nitai Gaura that we have the holy name, we should take it and we should be very careful not to commit offenses to the holy name. Inspite of that we commit offenses, we should still keep on chanting the holy name and pray to get forgiven for the offenses. Because Gopal Cakravarthi didn't chant the holy name, there was hardly any hope for him. He had not faith in the holy name instead he offended the holy name and the vaishnavas, so who could he turn to, to get deliverance. Or even if one is chanting the holy name, we read early in the purport even a devotee who is well situated if they commit offenses to the vaishnavas they can fall down. So we should never take the position that well. Prabhupada I saw he was so careful that when discussing any misdeeds of his own god brothers to instruct us he would present it in such a way that he would ask as a question - what are they doing for Bhakti Sidhantha Saraswati Thakur. What are they doing for cooperating with each other. He wouldn't say the you know... they are not doing, they are not cooperating, you know... he would say it but he would say it as a question. As a question its not, you can say its just a way of presenting something that is not offensive because you are allowed to ask a question. What are you doing for your spiritual master. What are doing to demonstrate to the devotees your proper realization of Krishna consiousness. Its just the way of putting something which is technically not a offense, because you are asking that as a question. And it was not meant to be an offense, it was meant to illustrate to us how Prabhupada was actually giving us the pure Krishna conscious philosophy. He was actually in the mood of cooperating, but no one else wanted to cooperate with him for whatever their reasons were. So therefore when Prabhupada told us to cooperate together, and that how much we would cooperate with him would be a test of how much we loved him. Then we would never be able to take the excuse that well Prabhupada never wanted to cooperate, because he always wanted to cooperate, but no one would cooperate with him. Prabhupada begged and fell at the feet of his god brothers, let us all cooperate together to serve Bhakti Sidhanta Saraswati Thakur, but they didn't accept. That wasn't Prabhupada's fault. So we don't have any excuse for not cooperating together and just working to spread the message that Srila Prabhupada gave. Because Srila Prabhupada is for us he reestablished the disciplic succession, he has reestablished the mood of cooperation that was present during the time of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and he has given us a system to cooperate and work together as vaishnavas. Therefore for us he is like Ramanujacharya was for the Ramanuja sampradhaya or what Madhavacharya was for Madhava. Like he is..from Prabhupada a branch has come off from Caitanya Prabhu's trees. Its beeen described by Prabhupada that this sayidi of ISKCON is like a branch of Caitanya's tree. So, from Lord Caitanya, then from prabhupada it comes off like that. It sprouts very big major branch to spread over the whole world. Still part of Caitanya Mahaprabhu's tree. So as such for us we worship Srila Prabhupada very specially, that's why wrote this song so that we could meditate on Prabhupada as our founder acharya. For his disciples he is Guru, but for the eternal generations he is not only guru and grand father guru and great grand father guru, but he is actually our founder acharya. He has given us the system based ofcourse on the instructions of previous acharyas not independent. He has given us a system of practicing Lord Caitanya's movement which is so practical that we can practice it for the next 10,000 years if we simply remain faithful to his instructions. Therefore we say "Oh Prabhu tomara ajna chiro dasa" Please Prabhupada, let me remain the eternal servant of your order. Not that at any time in the future, now or 15, 20 or 100 generations from now, in the Guru parampara that we ever think to deviate from the others that Prabhupada has given us in his books. If we simply follow his system then we will be able to remain under his shelter eternally under the shelter of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Therefore for us Srila Prabhupada is very special. because he has taken this battered state of the disciplic succession and amongst that within that he has given us the actual essence--the real mood of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Hare Krishna. Srila Prabhupada ki jai. Das Raghunath ki jai. Hiranya Govardhan Mazumdar ki jai. Haridas Thakur ki jai. Harinam ki jai. Sri Caitanya Nityananda Prabhu ki jai. Nitai Gaur Premanande.. Hari Hari bol.